Do We Need More Training Data?
Datasets for training object recognition sys- tems are steadily increasing in size. This paper inves- tigates the question of whether existing detectors will continue to improve as data grows, or saturate in perfor- mance due to limited model complexity and the Bayes risk associated with the feature spaces in which they operate. We focus on the popular paradigm of discrimi- natively trained templates deﬁned on oriented gradient features. We investigate the performance of mixtures of templates as the number of mixture components and the amount of training data grows. Surprisingly, even with proper treatment of regularization and “outliers”, the performance of classic mixture models appears to saturate quickly (∼10 templates and ∼100 positive train- ing examples per template). This is not a limitation of the feature space as compositional mixtures that share template parameters via parts and that can synthesize new templates not encountered during training yield signiﬁcantly better performance. Based on our analy- sis, we conjecture that the greatest gains in detection performance will continue to derive from improved rep- resentations and learning algorithms that can make eﬃcient use of large datasets.
Text ReferenceXiangxin Zhu, Carl Vondrick, Charless C Fowlkes, and Deva Ramanan. Do we need more training data? International Journal of Computer Vision, pages 1–17, 2015.
author = "Zhu, Xiangxin and Vondrick, Carl and Fowlkes, Charless C and Ramanan, Deva",
title = "Do We Need More Training Data?",
journal = "International Journal of Computer Vision",
pages = "1--17",
year = "2015",
publisher = "Springer",
tag = "object_recognition"